Background
A total of 6.778 species have been identified as part of Costa Rica’s marine and coastal biodiversity. This number represents about 3.5% of global marine and coastal biodiversity. 4.745 species have been reported from the Pacific Ocean and 2.321 from the Caribbean. 288 species are found in both, Pacific and Caribbean. It is said that 85 species are endemic to or haven’t been reported from any other country but Costa Rica, of these 41,2% are to be found at the Coco’s Island (Isla del Coco).

It is expected that climate change will accelerate or amplify negative historic and current effects of classic drivers responsible for biodiversity loss of marine and coastal ecosystems, such as over-fishing, water pollution, habitat fragmentation and habitat loss. Thus, for elaborating climate change adaptation strategies it is essential to have enough knowledge on the current status of marine and coastal ecosystems and at the same time recommend measures to reduce impacts by those non-climatic factors, which might affect negatively the ecosystems capacity to adapt and so increase its vulnerability to climate change.

Despite Costa Rica’s huge efforts throughout its history in conserving the country’s natural systems by establishing protected areas, the actual protected area system does not contain representative samples of marine and coastal biodiversity at gene, species and ecosystem levels. Therefore, biodiversity eventually will not be able to adapt to current and future effects of climate change and to continue to fulfill important functions such as protecting terrestrial areas from cyclones, floodings, soil and drinking water salinization.

The BIOMARCC Project (Biodiversidad Marino Costera y Adaptación al Cambio Climático) strengthens the National System of Conservation Areas (SINAC/MINAET). It is implemented by the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH on behalf of the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation and Nuclear Safety (BMU), and its International Climate Initiative (IKI).

SSCP   CAS-002   9L0-066   350-050   642-999   220-801   74-678   642-732   400-051   ICGB   c2010-652   70-413   101-400   220-902   350-080   210-260   70-246   1Z0-144   3002   AWS-SYSOPS   70-347   PEGACPBA71V1   220-901   70-534   LX0-104   070-461   HP0-S42   1Z0-061   000-105   70-486   70-177   N10-006   500-260   640-692   70-980   CISM   VCP550   70-532   200-101   000-080   PR000041   2V0-621   70-411   352-001   70-480   70-461   ICBB   000-089   70-410   350-029   1Z0-060   2V0-620   210-065   70-463   70-483   CRISC   MB6-703   1z0-808   220-802   ITILFND   1Z0-804   LX0-103   MB2-704   210-060   101   200-310   640-911   200-120   EX300   300-209   1Z0-803   350-001   400-201   9L0-012   70-488   JN0-102   640-916   70-270   100-101   MB5-705   JK0-022   350-060   300-320   1z0-434   350-018   400-101   350-030   200-310   200-310   350-050   70-532   200-310   70-411   100-105  ,""" 1Z0-803   SY0-401   000-080   70-480   200-101   70-461   220-802   1Z0-060   ITILFND   000-017   EX300   200-125  ,""" CRISC   1z0-808   CAP   ITILFND   210-060   OG0-093   101   400-201   220-802   PR000041   300-206   200-101   74-678   220-801   MB6-703   9L0-012   CRISC   352-001   VCP550   MB2-704   700-501   70-346   70-463   CCA-500   352-001   PR000041   000-104   70-488   JN0-360   JN0-102   70-483   350-001   642-732   400-201   102-400   300-209   640-911   1z0-808   LX0-103   300-101   70-411   9L0-012   70-532   c2010-652   1Y0-201   70-461   200-125  ,""" ICBB   640-911   640-911   70-480   000-089   350-029   1Z0-803   000-080   100-105  , """ 300-070   EX300   640-916   350-001   210-065   400-051   2V0-621   200-120   M70-101   LX0-103   1Z0-804   200-310   SY0-401   352-001   300-320   100-101   810-403   MB2-707   CISSP   810-403   300-075   210-060   210-260   300-075   210-060   642-999   300-115   MB2-707   810-403   210-060   70-533   1Z0-060   EX200   350-018   1Z0-803   210-260   400-101   400-101   810-403   810-403   CISSP   200-120   N10-006   CISSP   300-320   SY0-401   642-181   MB2-707   200-001   200-120   MB2-707   SY0-401   2v0-621   70-464   200-120   70-533   N10-006   350-060   210-060   200-310   400-201   300-320   CISSP   70-410   700-505   70-680   mb2-707   400-101